A scar is a permament change to the structure of the skin. Scars alter the texture of the skin when it is no longer smooth to the touch. Some scars present as a dip in the skin's surface which is known as a "rolling scar." Other scars that dive much deeper into the skin with narrow indentations is referred to as "icepick" scars. These particular scars are challenging to treat.
Stands for post-inflammatory erythema. These are the red spots that remain after a lesion has cleared. Overtime the mark will eventually fade, usually in 6 - 12 months. PIE is not only associated with acne, but occurs in response to any inflammation and injury within the skin. PIE's origination is of a vascular nature where the cause for the redness is when the affected blood vessels have become more visible.
Or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin where a lesion was present. PIH is an inflammatory response where the melanocytes are triggered to release melanain to protect the surrounding tissues. It is more evident in darker complexions. It too will fade over time.
The most prudent steps an acne-prone individual can take is to seek professional help in the management of acne. I can help you clear your skin of acne and maintain the result with the in-studio acne program or virtually, when desired. There is no cure for acne, it can be controlled until it has run its course. The key to minimizing its long-term impact is to treat the acne first, as quickly as possible.